Area: 859.7 sq. km.
Population: 826.6 thousand habitants (2006)
Capital: Phu Ly City.
Districts: Duy Tien, Kim Bang, Ly Nhan, Thanh Liem, Binh Luc.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Tay, Muong, Hoa.


Geography (Click here to see location)
Ha Nam is located on south of Red River Delta, southern gateway of Hanoi. It shares border with Hung Yen, Ha Tay provinces on the north, Hoa Binh Province on the west, Nam Dinh and Ninh Binh provinces on the south and south-east.
There are two main rivers: Day and Chau Giang rivers. Most of the land in this area is divided by the dense rivers. Therefore, it has the water area of ponds, lagoons, low fields and rivers which are convenient for aquaculture and water poultry rising.
Ha Nam has tropical climate: rainy season lasts from October to May and dry season lasts from November to April next year. The annual average temperature is 23?C.

Coming to Ha Nam, visitors are interested in natural beauty sights like Ba Danh Pagoda Truc Temple and Ngu Dong Son (five grottoes), Thuy Grotto (Luon cave), Tam Chuc lake, Phuc Long Grotto.
Ha Nam now preserves many typical culture sights: Long Doi Son, Ba Danh pagodas, Lanh Giang, Tran Thuong, Truc temples...
The province is proud of Lieu Doi wrestling, kite, Truc temple festivals, traditional trade villages such as Doi Tam drum, Nha Xa silk handicraft, Thanh Ha embroidery, Ngoc Dong rattan and bamboo villages.

Phu Ly City is 60km from Hanoi. Road, rail, water transportation are convenient. The province is located on National Highway No.1A.






Ba Danh Pagoda

Location: In Kim Bang District, 10km from Phu Ly Town.
Characteristics: The pagoda is situated on the bank of the Day River in a large peaceful area far from any settlements.






At first, it was just a small temple for worshipping Tu Phap deities. Then, during the reign of King Le Hy Tong (1675 - 1705), it was upgraded to become more beautiful and magnificent. Later, locals tore down the temple and brought a statue of Buddha to the site and built the Ba Danh Pagoda. After offering incense at the pagoda, visitors can continue on to see Ngoc Mountain and its lush green forests.






Ngu Dong Son

Location: In Kim Bang District, 8km from Phu Ly Town.
Characteristics: Ngu Dong Son includes five grottoes situated in the Cam Mountains, the largest of which can shelter approximately 1,000 people.





From Hanoi, go to Phu Ly (50km), and then continue for 8km until reaching Ngu Dong Son in Kim Bang. Ngu Dong Son includes five grottoes situated in the Cam Mountains, the largest of which can shelter approximately 1,000 people. These caves have been a common theme in Vietnamese poetry and music.
Coming to Ngu Dong Son, visitors can contemplate the various forms of stalactites and stalagmites and listen to the symphonies created by the wind blowing through the stones.