Bru - Van Kieu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Bru-Van Kieu (Tri, Khua, and Ma-Coong).
Population: 55,559 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The mountain regions of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

 

Customs and habits
The Bru - Van Kieu live in small houses on stilts. These villages are usually located near rivers or streams and are always arranged along the water current flows. The houses are arranged in circles around a communal house on flat and expansive terrain. Young Bru - Van Kieu men and women are free to choose their partners. The maternal uncle says the last words at marriage or burial ceremonies for his nephews and nieces. He also has the decision power in house construction. Ancestor worship is the most common religious activity. Also, the Bru - Van Kieu pay veneration to sacred objects such as a sword or a fragment of a bowl, and they especially worship fire and kitchen deities.
Culture
The Bru-Van Kieu language belongs to the Mon-Khmer culture. The Bru - Van Kieu love creative arts and maintain a rich treasury of traditional art and culture. They possess numerous musical instruments such as drums, castanets, knob gongs, wind instruments, and string zithers (including the a-chung and po-kua). Folk singing is popular as is cha chap (sung stories), and sim, an alternating chant between young men and women. Folksongs, proverbs, and old tales make up the rich culture of the Bru - Van Kieu.
Costumes
Both men and women wear like Tay Nguyen costumes.
Economy
The Bru - Van Kieu live on rice cultivation, through slash and burn agriculture and submerging their fields. They also hunt, fish and rear cattle. Basketry and palm mat-making are their sideline occupations.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Co ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co (Cor, Col, Cua and Trau).
Population: 27,766 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Bac Tra My and Nam Tra My districts of Quang Nam Province; Tra Bong District of Quang Ngai Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   
Customs and habits
The Co believes that all things have souls, and they worship the souls of rice grains. In former days, the Co lived in long houses built on stilts. Recently, the Co has built shorter houses that are level with the ground. The village chief is chosen on the basis of knowledge, experience in production, behavior, and the trust of villagers. In the past, no Co lineage had an individual name; they all took the family name of Dinh. Now, they have taken the family name of Ho, after President Ho Chi Minh.
Culture
The Co language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Co like to sing, dance, beat drums, and gongs. Folksongs such as the Xru, Klu and Agioi are very popular.
Costumes
Men leave their upper torsos naked and cover their lower torsos with loincloths. Women wear a skirt, bra and shirt with short sleeves. Women often tie colourful beaded strings around their waists. In winter, they cover themselves with blankets.
Economy
The Co lives mainly from slash-and-burn agriculture. They grow rice, maize, cassava, cinnamon, and other plants.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Co Tu ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co Tu (Gao, Ha, Phuong, and Ca Tang).
Population: 50,458 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Tay Giang, Dong Giang and Nam Giang districts in Quang Nam Province; A Luoi and Phu Loc districts in Thua Thien-Hue Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Co Tu believes in and worships Giang (Genie). The houses are set out in the form of an ellipse. In the middle of the village is the Rong (Communal House), a large and beautiful building used for the reception of guests, to hold meetings, rituals and cultural performances. Patriarchy prevails among the Co Tu as the children take the family name of their father. The right of inheritance is reserved only for sons. Marriage dowries are also a common practice.
Culture
Co Tu language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group..
Costumes
Men wear loincloths and leave their upper torsos naked. Women wear skirts and short vests. In winter they wear a piece of cloth to keep them warm. Popular ornaments consist of necklaces, bracelets, and earrings.
Economy
The Co Tu practice a slash and burn cultivation, often dig holes to plant seeds, practice animal husbandry, weave cloth and baskets, gather, hunt, and fish. The exchange of products is carried out by bartering.


   

 

   
 

 

Hre ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Hre (Cham Re, Chom Kre and Luy).
Population: 113,111 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The western parts of Quang Ngai and Binh Dinh provinces
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Hre are atheists. The small-sized nuclear family unit is very common among the Hre. They live in stilt houses and the village chief is considered to have high prestige and plays an important role in village life
Culture
The Hre language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group and has close ties to the Xo-Dang and Ba Na languages. The Hre often hold buffalo-stabbing ceremonies which are accompanied by verses and songs. The Ka choi and Ka leu are two very popular tunes. Their musical instruments include the Brook, Ching Ka la, Ling Ia (traversal flute), and Ta lia (longitudinal flute).
Costumes
Men wear loincloths and waist-deep vests. They may also remain bare chested and wear turbans as headgear.
Economy
The Hre grow wet rice and farm. Basketry and weaving are other forms of income generation.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Ta Oi ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ta Oi (Toi Oi, Pa Co, Ba Hy, and Ba Ghy).
Population: 34,960 people (Year 1999).
Locality: A Luoi District of Thua Thien-Hue Province and Huong Hoa District of Quang Tri Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The communal house of the Ta Oi is called the Rong. It is built at the centre of the village and is a fairly elongated house. The children take the family name of the father and only sons have the right to inherit the family estate. The head of a lineage plays an important role in village affairs. Young Ta Oi men and women are free to choose their partners. They believe in animism and organize many ceremonies for Giang. Several years after the burial of a deceased person, the dead's lineage organizes a ceremony to exhume the dead's remains and build a funeral house with sophisticated decoration and statues around the fence of the funeral house.

Culture
The Ta Oi language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group and is close to the Bru-Van Kieu and Co Tu languages. The Ta Oi have managed to preserve many of their proverbs, folk songs, puzzles, and stories. Popular folk songs include Ka loi, Ba boih, Ro in, and especially the romantic Cha Chap song. Gongs, string zithers, flutes, trumpets, drums, and pan-pipes are popular musical instruments of the Ta Oi.
Costumes
Women wear shirts and skirts, but the skirt is usually knotted up to cover their chests. Men wear loincloths and short vests, or leave their upper torsos naked. Ornaments made from copper, silver, glass beads, and ivory are also popular.
Economy
The Ta Oi practice a slash-and-burn method of cultivation and grow wet rice through this process. They are also good at horticulture and fish rearing in artificial ponds.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Xo Dang ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Xo Dang (Xe Dang, Ca Dong, To Dra, Ha Lang, Mo Nam, Ta Tri, Ka Rang, Bri La Teng, and Con Lan).
Population: 127,148 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Xo Dang are concentrated in Kon Tum Province and scattered in the mountainous areas of Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Xo Dang believe in animism and worship many spirits related to the production of food and life. Each village has a "Rong" (communal house), and the roof of this communal house forms two steeply rising surfaces that resembles an axe-head. The village chief is the most respected person in the community and all village affairs are managed by the chief.
Xo Dang people do not have family names as the proper name consists of only one word with a prefix indicating the sex of the person, "A" for men, and "Y" for women. Male and female adults are allowed to seek their own loves. The Xo Dang wedding is very simple. After the wedding, the married couple lives in rotation of their families for a few years.
Culture
The Xo Dang belong to the Mon-Khmer Group. The buffalo stabbing ritual is held annually. The Xo Dang enjoy singing, dancing, playing gongs, and telling old tales. Xo Dang men are good at architecture, sculpting, and painting.
Economy
Farming is the main form of income generation. Cattle and poultry raising, hunting, picking and gathering, fishing, basketry, weaving, and blacksmithing are other ways the Xo Dang survive.


   

 

   
 

 

Ba Na ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ba Na (To Lo, Krem, Con Kde, Ala Cong, Krang).
Population: 174,456 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Kon Tum Province and the western parts of Binh Dinh and Phu Yen Provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Ba Na lives in houses built on stilts. In each village, there is a communal house called rong which stands out due to its height and beauty. According to matrimonial customs, a young man and woman can take the initiative in marriage, and the parents are only involved to ensure the respect of traditional principles. After the birth of the first child, they are allowed to set up their own family environment. The Ba Na venerates the spirits which relate to human beings.
Culture
The Ba Na language belongs to the Mon Khmer Group. Their musical instruments are very diversified with various combinations of gong sets, t'rung xylophones, bro, klong put, ko ni, khinh khung, and to tiep trumpets. The aesthetics of the Ba Na are expressed in their unique woodcarvings and extraordinary decorative crafts.
Costumes
The men tend to wear loincloths and the women wear sarongs.
Economy
Their main source of income is slash-and-burn agriculture and the rearing of livestock. Almost every village has forges to make metal products. Women also weave cloth to make their families garments and the men practice basketry and mat-making, the Ba Na often barter goods.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Brau ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Brau (Brao).
Population: 313 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Dak Me Village, Bo Y Commune, Ngoc Hoi District, Kon Tum Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Brau have a tradition of tattooing their faces and bodies and filing their teeth. Their houses are built on stilts. Young men and women are free to choose their partners. The wedding ceremony is organized by the bride's family and the groom must live with his wife's family for several years before bringing his wife and children Home.
Culture
The Brau language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Brau like to play gongs and traditional musical instruments. In particular, a set of two gongs called the chieng tha has great value in their culture. Young girls often play Krong Put, a musical instrument that consists of 5-7 bamboo tubes, both long and short, which are joined together. The sound is produced when air is forced into them by the clapping of the hands.
Costumes
Women wear a lot of jewelry around their arms, ankles, and necks. Men often wear loincloths and women wear pagnes.
Economy
The Brau have led a nomadic life for a very long time, but also practice slash-and-burn cultivation in order to grow rice, corn, and cassava using rudimentary tools.

   

 

   
 

 

Co Ho ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Co Ho (Xre, Nop, Co lon, Chil, Lat and Tring).
Population: 128,723 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Di Linh Plateau of Lam Dong Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The young Co Ho women play an active role in marriage. Monogamy is practiced in Co Ho society. After the wedding, the groom comes to live with his wife's family. The Co Ho believes in the existence of many deities including the sun, moon, mountain, river, earth, and rice.
Culture
Co Ho language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Co Ho possesses an abundant wealth of folklore and culture. The verses of their lyrical poems, called Tampla, sound very romantic. They have many traditional dances to perform at festivals and ceremonies. Their instruments include gongs, dear-skin drums, bamboo flutes, box pan-pipes, lip organs, and six-stringed zithers.
Economy
The Co Ho cultivates rice through burning the land and submerging their fields.

   

 

   
 

 

Ma ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ma (Chau Ma, Ma Xop, Ma To, Ma Krung, and Ma Ngan).
Population: 33,338 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Lam Dong Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Ma live in bons (villages). Each bon is comprised of five to ten elongated houses. The chief of a bon is called the quang bon. The family of a young man proposes marriage, but after the wedding the groom comes to live in his wife's house. Only when he has enough wedding presents to hand over to the bride's family can he take his wife to his house. The Ma believe in the existence of spirits in the river, the mountains, and the rice field.
Culture
The Ma language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. They possess a rich folklore including many ancient tales, myths, and legends. Their musical instruments consist of gongs, drums, pan-pipes with bamboo-boxes, horns, bamboo string zithers, and three-holed bamboo flutes.
Costumes
The women wear skirts that fall below their knees and the men wear loincloths. They also file their teeth, stretch their earlobes, and wear a lot of ornaments.
Economy
The Ma cultivate rice, corn, and cotton. Ma women are very skilled at cloth making. They are also very skillful at forging.


   

 

   
 

 

M'nong ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: M'Nong (Bru Dang, Preh, Ger, Nong, Prang, PJam, Kuyenh, Chil Bu Nor, and M'Nong Bu Dang). 

Population: 92,451 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Concentrated in the southern parts of Dak Lak and Dak Nong provinces, and parts of Lam Dong and Binh Phuoc provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The M'Nong live in houses built on stilts or level with the ground. Each village usually has dozens of households. The village chief plays a major role in village life. They like to drink alcohol from jars with pipes and smoke tobacco threads rolled in leaves. Matriarchy is observed and the children take the family name of their mother. The wife holds the key position in the household. The M'Nong like to have many children, especially daughters. One year after the birth of a child, the baby is given a name. At funerals, people sing, and beat gongs and drums at the side of the coffin. After placing the coffin in the grave, they cover it with plants, tree boughs, and leaves before filling the grave with earth. After seven days, the family
holds a rite which completes the mourning process. The M'Nong believe in the existence of many spirits which are related to their life. One such spirit is Mother Rice who has a special role.
Culture
M'Nong language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group.
Costumes
Men generally wear loincloths and leave their upper torsos naked. Women wear skirts which fall to their ankles. Dark indigo loincloths, skirts, and vests are decorated with red-coloured designs.
Economy
The M'Nong use the slash-and-burn method of farming. The M'Nong in Ban Don are well known for their elephant hunting and domestication. Women handle the weaving of cotton cloth, while the men work on basketry.


   

 

   
 

 

Ro Mam ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Ro Mam.
Population: 301 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Ro Mam live in Le Village, Mo Rai Commune, Sa Thay District of Kon Tum Province.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The village of the Ro Mam is called a "de". It is headed by an old chief. Each family is comprised of 10-20 people of various generations who have blood ties and who live under the same roof. Each nuclear family forms its own economic unit. The Ro Mam's matrimonial rites are performed in two steps, the engagement phase and wedding phase. Several days after the wedding, a young couple may divorce. However, once they have lived together for a long time they are not allowed to divorce. When a person dies, their body is placed in the cemetery. The cemetery is always located at the west end of the village.
Culture
The Ro Mam language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group Rituals and ceremonies are usually held during the production cycle from the start of the slashing of the field until the land is set on fire, and eventually when the rice is brought to the house. These communal village activities have been preserved to the present day.
Costumes
Women wear skirts and short sleeved shirts. The skirts are made from coarse cloth without decorations, and they fall down below their knees. Men wear loincloths, where the front flap hangs over their knees and the back flap falls below their shins. Women like to wear earrings, bracelets, and necklaces made from glass beads.
Economy
The Ro Mam survive mainly from slash-and-burn cultivation, hunting, and gathering. Sticky rice is their staple food.


   

 

   
 

 

Cho Ro ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Cho Ro (Do Ro, Chau Ro).
Population: 22,567 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Dong Nai, Binh Thuan, Binh Phuoc and Binh Duong provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Cho Ro lives in houses built on stilts and on the ground. Both patriarchal and matriarchal customs have significance in the family life of the Cho Ro. The Cho Ro believes that all things have souls and spirits. These spirits have an invisible control over humans which forces them to become involved in worshipping rituals and puts special taboos on them. The most important worshipping ritual is the one that pays respect to the souls of the forest and the rice plant.
Culture
Cho Ro language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group and has close ties to the Ma and the Xtieng languages. Their musical instruments are comprised of a set of seven-pattern gongs, string instruments with a bamboo sound-box, and alternating songs.
Costumes
The Cho Ro has adopted the Kinh style of dress. The women wear necklaces and bracelets made of copper, silver, or beads.
Economy
The main economic activity practiced is slash-and-burn cultivation. In certain places, rice cultivation in submerged fields has been developed. Animal husbandry, hunting, gathering, fishing, basketry, and wood carving are other sideline occupations.


   

 

   
 

 

Khmer ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Khmer (The Viet is of Mien origin and Khmer Krom).
Population: 1,055,174 people (Year 1999).
Locality: Soc Trang, Tra Vinh, Can Tho, Kien Giang and An Giang provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

Customs and habits
The Khmer mainly practice Brahmanism and Hinayana Buddhism. Before reaching adulthood, young Khmer people often go to pagodas to study and improve their virtues and knowledge.
Culture
The Khmer have managed to preserve their own language and writings. They usually live with the Kinh and Hoa in "soc" (villages), and "phum" or "ap" (hamlets). The houses are simply built with thatched or tiled roofs. Major Khmer festivals include "Chon Cho Nam Tho May" (New Year Festival), Buddha's Birthday, "Don Ta" (Forgive the Crimes of the Dead), and "Ooc Om Bok" (Moon Worship).
Economy
The Khmer have a long tradition in wet rice cultivation. Animal husbandry, weaving, pottery and sugar making from the "Thot Not" Tree are other forms of economic activity.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Xtieng ethnic group

Name of ethnic group: Xtieng (Xa Dieng).
Population: 66,788 people (Year 1999).
Locality: The Xtieng live in four northern districts of Binh Phuoc Province and in Dong Nai and Tay Ninh provinces.
Language: Mon - Khmer

 

 
   

 

   

 

Customs and habits
The Xtieng live a sedentary lifestyle. Each family builds its own house. Each village is led by an elderly man who must be experienced in the affairs of the community, dynamic, and trusted by the villagers. The Xtieng can marry outside their lineage. After the wedding, the bride comes to live in her husband's house. The Xtieng believe in animism and the mystical powers of thunder, lightning bolts, the heavens, and the earth. The Xtieng calculate their age according to the number of harvests that they have gathered.
Culture
The Xtieng language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Xtieng enjoy music and popular musical instruments, such as the six-patterned gong set. These gongs are made of bamboo panpipes.
Costumes
Xtieng women wear skirts and the men wear loincloths. In winter, they cover themselves in blankets. The women wear their hair long and tie it in a bun at the back of their heads. They usually wear ivory earrings pierced into their earlobes, or tattoo their faces and body with simple motifs.
Economy
The Xtieng cultivate rice in submerged fields and have used oxen and buffaloes as draught animals for a long time.


 

 

 

<table width="100%" border="0">   <tbody><tr>     <td><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><a name="Van_Kieu"></a> Bru - Van Kieu ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></p><blockquote> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name of  ethnic group: </strong>Bru-Van Kieu (Tri, Khua,  and Ma-Coong). <br />                     <strong>Population:</strong> 55,559 people (Year 1999). <br />                     <strong>Locality:</strong> The mountain regions of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p> </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table><p>&nbsp;</p>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody><tr>          <td style="text-align: justify;"><div align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=405,height=530,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/bru_van_kieu.jpg"><img width="165" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/bru_van_kieu.jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />       The Bru - Van Kieu live in  small houses on stilts. These villages are usually located near rivers or  streams and are always arranged along the water current flows. The houses are  arranged in circles around a communal house on flat and expansive terrain.  Young Bru - Van Kieu men  and women are free to choose their partners. The maternal uncle says the last  words at marriage or burial ceremonies for his nephews and nieces. He also has  the decision power in house construction. Ancestor worship is the most common  religious activity. Also, the Bru - Van Kieu pay veneration to sacred objects such as a sword or a  fragment of a bowl, and they especially worship fire and kitchen deities.<br />   <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Bru-Van Kieu language  belongs to the Mon-Khmer culture. The Bru - Van Kieu love creative arts and maintain a rich treasury of  traditional art and culture. They possess numerous musical instruments such as  drums, castanets, knob gongs, wind instruments, and string zithers (including  the a-chung and po-kua).  Folk singing is popular as is cha chap (sung stories), and sim,  an alternating chant between young men and women. Folksongs, proverbs, and old  tales make up the rich culture of the Bru - Van Kieu.<br />   <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Both men and women wear like Tay  Nguyen costumes. <br />   <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Bru - Van Kieu live on rice cultivation, through slash and burn  agriculture and submerging their fields. They also hunt, fish and rear cattle.  Basketry and palm mat-making are their sideline occupations.</span></span></div>     <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><a href="#List_of_Famous_Tourist_Sites"><img width="80" height="20" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" alt="" /></a><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p></td></tr>   </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;">&nbsp;</p> <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><strong><a name="Co"></a>Co ethnic group</strong></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><strong> </strong></span></span></p><blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name of  ethnic group:</strong> Co (Cor, Col,  Cua and Trau). <br />                   <strong>Population:</strong> 27,766 people (Year 1999). <br />                   <strong>Locality:</strong> Bac Tra My and Nam Tra My districts  of Quang   Nam Province;  Tra Bong District of Quang Ngai Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>  </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody><tr>          <td><div align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/co.jpg"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="165" border="0" align="right" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/co.jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />       The Co believes that all things have souls, and they worship the souls of rice  grains. In former days, the Co lived in long houses built on stilts. Recently,  the Co has built shorter houses that are level with the ground. The village  chief is chosen on the basis of knowledge, experience in production, behavior,  and the trust of villagers. In the past, no Co lineage had an individual name;  they all took the family name of Dinh. Now, they have  taken the family name of Ho, after President Ho Chi Minh.        <br />       <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br />  The Co language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Co  like to sing, dance, beat drums, and gongs. Folksongs such as the Xru, Klu and Agioi  are very popular.<br />       <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Men leave their upper torsos naked and cover their lower torsos with  loincloths. Women wear a skirt, bra and shirt with short sleeves. Women often  tie colourful beaded strings around their waists. In  winter, they cover themselves with blankets.<br />   <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br />         The Co lives mainly from slash-and-burn agriculture. They grow rice, maize,  cassava, cinnamon, and other plants.</span></span></div>     <p align="justify" style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></a><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p></td></tr>   </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;">&nbsp;</p> <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><a name="Co_Tu"></a>Co Tu ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></p><blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Co Tu (Gao,  Ha, Phuong, and Ca Tang). <br />                   <strong>Population:</strong> 50,458 people (Year 1999). <br />                   <strong>Locality:</strong> Tay Giang,  Dong Giang and Nam Giang  districts in Quang  Nam Province;  A Luoi and Phu Loc  districts in Thua   Thien-Hue Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>       </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=363,height=530,left=200,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/co_tu%20(1).jpg"><img width="147" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/co_tu%20(1).jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />               The Co Tu believes in and worships Giang  (Genie). The houses are set out in the form of an ellipse. In the middle of the  village is the Rong (Communal House), a large and  beautiful building used for the reception of guests, to hold meetings, rituals  and cultural performances. Patriarchy prevails among the Co Tu  as the children take the family name of their father. The right of inheritance  is reserved only for sons. Marriage dowries are also a common practice.<a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=323,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/co_tu.jpg"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="129" border="0" align="right" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/co_tu.jpg" /></a><br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> Co Tu language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group..<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Men wear loincloths and leave their upper torsos naked. Women wear skirts and  short vests. In winter they wear a piece of cloth to keep them warm. Popular  ornaments consist of necklaces, bracelets, and earrings.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Co Tu practice a slash and burn cultivation,  often dig holes to plant seeds, practice animal husbandry, weave cloth and  baskets, gather, hunt, and fish. The exchange of products is carried out by  bartering.</span></span></p></td>     </tr>     </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><span style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></span><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>      <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" style="width: 20px; height: 20px;" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><a name="Hre"></a>Hre ethnic group </strong></span></span></span></p><blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group: </strong>Hre (Cham Re, Chom  Kre and Luy). <br />                   <strong>Population:</strong> 113,111 people (Year 1999). <br />                   <strong>Locality:</strong> The western parts of Quang Ngai and Binh Dinh  provinces<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>       </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody><tr>       <td style="text-align: justify;"><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/H_re.jpg"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="165" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/H_re.jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />               The Hre are atheists. The small-sized nuclear family  unit is very common among the Hre. They live in stilt  houses and the village chief is considered to have high prestige and plays an  important role in village life<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Hre language belongs to  the Mon-Khmer Group and has close ties to the Xo-Dang and Ba  Na languages. The Hre often hold buffalo-stabbing  ceremonies which are accompanied by verses and songs. The Ka choi and Ka leu are two very  popular tunes. Their musical instruments include the Brook, Ching  Ka la, Ling Ia (traversal  flute), and Ta lia (longitudinal flute).<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Men wear loincloths and waist-deep vests. They may also remain bare chested and wear turbans as headgear. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Hre grow wet rice and  farm. Basketry and weaving are other forms of income generation.</span></span></p></td>     </tr>   </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;">&nbsp; <a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>  <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><a name="Ta_Oi" id="Ta_Oi"></a>Ta Oi ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></p> <blockquote><p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Ta Oi (Toi Oi, Pa Co, Ba Hy,  and Ba Ghy). <br />               <strong>Population:</strong> 34,960 people (Year 1999). <br />               <strong>Locality:</strong> A Luoi District of Thua Thien-Hue Province  and Huong Hoa District of Quang   Tri Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>   </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/ta_oi(2).jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="161" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/ta_oi(2).jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />           The communal house of the Ta Oi  is called the Rong. It is built at the centre of the  village and is a fairly elongated house. The children take the family name of  the father and only sons have the right to inherit the family estate. The head  of a lineage plays an important role in village affairs. Young Ta Oi men and women are free to choose their partners. They  believe in animism and organize many ceremonies for Giang.  Several years after the burial of a deceased person, the dead's  lineage organizes a ceremony to exhume the dead's  remains and build a funeral house with sophisticated decoration and statues  around the fence of the funeral house. </span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/ta_oi.jpg"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="165" border="0" align="right" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/ta_oi.jpg" /></a></span></span><br /><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Ta Oi language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group and  is close to the Bru-Van Kieu  and Co Tu languages. The Ta Oi  have managed to preserve many of their proverbs, folk  songs, puzzles, and stories. Popular folk songs include Ka loi,  Ba boih, Ro in, and  especially the romantic Cha Chap song. Gongs, string zithers, flutes, trumpets,  drums, and pan-pipes are popular musical instruments of the Ta Oi. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Women wear shirts and skirts, but the skirt is usually knotted up to cover  their chests. Men wear loincloths and short vests, or leave their upper torsos  naked. Ornaments made from copper, silver, glass beads, and ivory are also  popular.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br />The Ta Oi practice a  slash-and-burn method of cultivation and grow wet rice through this process.  They are also good at horticulture and fish rearing in artificial ponds.</span></span></p></td>               </tr>               </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;">&nbsp;<a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>                <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><a name="Xo_Dang"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Xo Dang ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></a></p>               <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Xo Dang (Xe Dang, Ca Dong, To Dra,  Ha Lang, Mo Nam, Ta Tri, Ka Rang, Bri La Teng, and Con Lan). <br />                             <strong>Population:</strong> 127,148 people (Year 1999). <br />                             <strong>Locality:</strong> The Xo Dang are concentrated in Kon Tum Province  and scattered in the mountainous areas of Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>                 </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=330,height=464,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/xo_dang.jpg"><img width="152" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/xo_dang.jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />                         The Xo Dang believe in animism and worship many spirits related to the  production of food and life. Each village has a &quot;Rong&quot;  (communal house), and the roof of this communal house forms two steeply rising  surfaces that resembles an axe-head. The village chief is the most respected  person in the community and all village affairs are managed by the chief. <br /> Xo Dang people do not have family names as the proper name consists of only one  word with a prefix indicating the sex of the person, &quot;A&quot; for men, and  &quot;Y&quot; for women. Male and female adults are allowed to seek their own  loves. The Xo Dang wedding is very simple. After the wedding, the married  couple lives in rotation of their families for a few years.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Xo Dang belong to the Mon-Khmer Group. The buffalo  stabbing ritual is held annually. The Xo Dang enjoy  singing, dancing, playing gongs, and telling old tales. Xo Dang men are good at  architecture, sculpting, and painting.  <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> Farming is the main form of income generation. Cattle and poultry raising,  hunting, picking and gathering, fishing, basketry,  weaving, and blacksmithing are other ways the Xo Dang survive.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>                                <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><span style="color: #9933cc;"><a name="Ba_Na"></a>Ba Na ethnic group</span></strong></span></span></p><blockquote><p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name of  ethnic group:</strong> Ba Na (To Lo, Krem, Con Kde, Ala Cong, Krang).<br />                                             <strong>Population:</strong> 174,456 people (Year 1999). <br />                                             <strong>Locality:</strong> Kon  Tum Province and the western parts of Binh  Dinh and Phu Yen   Provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>                                 </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody><tr>       <td><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=517,height=530,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/ba_na%20(1).jpg"><img width="214" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/ba_na%20(1).jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />                                             The Ba Na lives in houses built on stilts. In each  village, there is a communal house called rong which  stands out due to its height and beauty. According to matrimonial customs, a  young man and woman can take the initiative in marriage, and the parents are  only involved to ensure the respect of traditional principles. After the birth  of the first child, they are allowed to set up their own family environment.  The Ba Na venerates the spirits which relate to human  beings.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> <a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=347,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/ba_na.jpg"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="139" border="0" align="right" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/ba_na.jpg" /></a>The Ba Na language belongs to the Mon Khmer Group.  Their musical instruments are very diversified with various combinations of  gong sets, t'rung xylophones, bro, klong put, ko ni,  khinh khung, and to tiep trumpets. The aesthetics of the Ba  Na are expressed in their unique woodcarvings and extraordinary decorative  crafts. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> The men tend to wear loincloths and the women wear  sarongs. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> Their main source of income is slash-and-burn  agriculture and the rearing of livestock. Almost every village has forges to  make metal products. Women also weave cloth to make their families garments and  the men practice basketry and mat-making, the Ba Na  often barter goods.</span></span></p></td>     </tr>   </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;">&nbsp; <a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>  <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><a name="Brau"></a>Brau ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></p><blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name of  ethnic group:</strong> Brau (Brao). <br />               <strong>Population:</strong> 313 people (Year 1999). <br />               <strong>Locality:</strong> Dak Me Village, Bo Y Commune, Ngoc  Hoi District, Kon   Tum Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>   </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/brau.jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=361,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="146" border="0" align="left" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/brau.jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />               The Brau have a tradition of tattooing their faces  and bodies and filing their teeth. Their houses are built on stilts. Young men  and women are free to choose their partners. The wedding ceremony is organized  by the bride's family and the groom must live with his wife's family for  several years before bringing his wife and children Home. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Brau language belongs to  the Mon-Khmer Group. The Brau like to play gongs and  traditional musical instruments. In particular, a set of two gongs called the chieng tha has great value in  their culture. Young girls often play Krong Put, a  musical instrument that consists of 5-7 bamboo tubes, both long and short,  which are joined together. The sound is produced when air is forced into them  by the clapping of the hands. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Women wear a lot of jewelry around their arms, ankles, and necks. Men often  wear loincloths and women wear pagnes. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br />The Brau have led a nomadic life for a very long  time, but also practice slash-and-burn cultivation in order to grow rice, corn,  and cassava using rudimentary tools.</span></span></p></td>               </tr>               </tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>                <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="text-align: justify;"><strong><a name="Co_Ho"></a>Co Ho ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></span></p>                         <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Co Ho (Xre, Nop, Co lon, Chil, Lat and Tring).<br />                             <strong>Population:</strong> 128,723 people (Year 1999). <br />                             <strong>Locality:</strong> Di Linh  Plateau of Lam Dong Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>                </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/co_ho.jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=363,height=530,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="147" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="right" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/co_ho.jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />                             The young Co Ho women play an active  role in marriage. Monogamy is practiced in Co Ho society. After the wedding,  the groom comes to live with his wife's family. The Co Ho believes in the  existence of many deities including the sun, moon, mountain, river, earth, and  rice. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> Co Ho language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Co Ho possesses an abundant  wealth of folklore and culture. The verses of their lyrical poems, called Tampla, sound very romantic. They have many traditional  dances to perform at festivals and ceremonies. Their instruments include gongs,  dear-skin drums, bamboo flutes, box pan-pipes, lip organs, and six-stringed  zithers.  <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Co Ho cultivates rice through burning the land and submerging their  fields.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>                  <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="text-align: justify;"><strong><a name="Ma"></a>Ma ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></span></p>                           <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Ma (Chau Ma, Ma Xop, Ma To,  Ma Krung, and Ma Ngan).<br />                               <strong>Population:</strong> 33,338 people (Year 1999). <br />                               <strong>Locality:</strong> Lam   Dong Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>                  </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/ma.jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="165" border="0" align="left" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/ma.jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />                               The Ma live in bons (villages). Each bon is comprised of five to ten  elongated houses. The chief of a bon is called the quang  bon. The family of a young man proposes marriage, but after the wedding the  groom comes to live in his wife's house. Only when he has enough wedding  presents to hand over to the bride's family can he take his wife to his house.  The Ma believe in the existence of spirits in the  river, the mountains, and the rice field.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Ma language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group.  They possess a rich folklore including many ancient tales, myths, and legends.  Their musical instruments consist of gongs, drums, pan-pipes with bamboo-boxes,  horns, bamboo string zithers, and three-holed bamboo flutes.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> The women wear skirts that fall below their knees and the men wear loincloths.  They also file their teeth, stretch their earlobes, and wear a lot of  ornaments.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Ma cultivate rice, corn, and cotton. Ma women are  very skilled at cloth making. They are also very skillful at forging.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>                    <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><a name="Mnong" id="Mnong"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>M'Nong ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></a></p>                             <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> M'Nong (Bru Dang, Preh, Ger, Nong, Prang, PJam, Kuyenh, Chil  Bu Nor, and M'Nong Bu Dang). <br />                                 <strong>Population:</strong> 92,451 people (Year 1999). <br />                                 <strong>Locality:</strong> Concentrated in the southern parts of Dak  Lak and Dak Nong provinces, and parts of Lam Dong and Binh Phuoc provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>                    </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/m_nong.jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=393,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="160" border="0" align="right" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/m_nong.jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />                             The M'Nong live in houses built on stilts or level  with the ground. Each village usually has dozens of households. The village  chief plays a major role in village life. They like to drink alcohol from jars  with pipes and smoke tobacco threads rolled in leaves. Matriarchy is observed  and the children take the family name of their mother. The wife holds the key  position in the household. The M'Nong like to have many children, especially daughters. One year  after the birth of a child, the baby is given a name. At funerals, people sing,  and beat gongs and drums at the side of the coffin. After placing the coffin in  the grave, they cover it with plants, tree boughs, and leaves before filling  the grave with earth. After seven days, the family </span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/m_nong(1).jpg"><img width="220" hspace="20" height="165" border="0" align="left" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/m_nong(1).jpg" /></a></strong></span></span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">holds a rite which completes  the mourning process. The M'Nong believe  in the existence of many spirits which are related to their life. One such  spirit is Mother Rice who has a special role. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> M'Nong language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Men generally wear loincloths and leave their upper torsos naked. Women  wear skirts which fall to their ankles. Dark indigo loincloths, skirts, and  vests are decorated with red-coloured designs. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The M'Nong use the  slash-and-burn method of farming. The M'Nong in Ban  Don are well known for their elephant hunting and  domestication. Women handle the weaving of cotton cloth, while the men work on  basketry.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>    <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><a name="Ro_Mam" id="Ro_Mam"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Ro Mam  ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></a></p>            <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Ro Mam. <br />                                                 <strong>Population:</strong> 301 people (Year 1999). <br />                                                 <strong>Locality:</strong> The Ro Mam live  in Le Village, Mo Rai Commune, Sa Thay  District of Kon Tum  Province.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>    </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=405,left=100,top=100,status'); return false" href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/ro_mam.jpg"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="165" border="0" align="right" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/ro_mam.jpg" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />            The village of the Ro Mam is  called a &quot;de&quot;. It is headed by an old chief. Each family is comprised  of 10-20 people of various generations who have blood ties and who live under  the same roof. Each nuclear family forms its own economic unit. The Ro Mam's matrimonial rites are performed in two steps, the  engagement phase and wedding phase. Several days after the wedding, a young  couple may divorce. However, once they have lived together for a long time they  are not allowed to divorce. When a person dies, their body is placed in the  cemetery. The cemetery is always located at the west end of the village. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Ro Mam language belongs to the Mon-Khmer  Group Rituals and ceremonies are usually held during the production cycle from  the start of the slashing of the field until the land is set on fire, and  eventually when the rice is brought to the house. These communal village  activities have been preserved to the present day. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Women wear skirts and short sleeved shirts. The skirts are made from coarse  cloth without decorations, and they fall down below their knees. Men wear  loincloths, where the front flap hangs over their knees and the back flap falls  below their shins. Women like to wear earrings, bracelets, and necklaces made  from glass beads. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Ro Mam survive mainly  from slash-and-burn cultivation, hunting, and gathering. Sticky rice is their  staple food.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>    <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><a name="Cho_Ro" id="Cho_Ro"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Cho Ro  ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></a></p>            <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name of  ethnic group:</strong> Cho Ro (Do Ro, Chau Ro). <br />                                                 <strong>Population:</strong> 22,567 people (Year 1999). <br />                                                 <strong>Locality:</strong> Dong Nai, Binh  Thuan, Binh Phuoc and Binh Duong provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>    </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/cho_ro.jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=506,height=530,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="209" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="right" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/cho_ro.jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />            The Cho Ro lives in houses built on stilts and on the  ground. Both patriarchal and matriarchal customs have significance in the  family life of the Cho Ro. The Cho  Ro believes that all things have souls and spirits. These spirits have an  invisible control over humans which forces them to become involved in worshipping  rituals and puts special taboos on them. The most important worshipping ritual  is the one that pays respect to the souls of the forest and the rice plant. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> Cho Ro language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group  and has close ties to the Ma and the Xtieng  languages. Their musical instruments are comprised of a set of seven-pattern  gongs, string instruments with a bamboo sound-box, and alternating songs. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> The Cho Ro has adopted the Kinh  style of dress. The women wear necklaces and bracelets made of copper, silver,  or beads. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The main economic activity practiced is  slash-and-burn cultivation. In certain places, rice cultivation in submerged  fields has been developed. Animal husbandry, hunting, gathering, fishing,  basketry, and wood carving are other sideline occupations.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>    <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><a name="Khmer" id="Khmer"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Khmer ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></a></p>            <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group: </strong>Khmer (The Viet is of Mien origin and Khmer Krom).<br />                                                 <strong>Population: </strong>1,055,174 people (Year 1999). <br />                                                 <strong>Locality:</strong> Soc Trang, Tra  Vinh, Can Tho, Kien Giang and An Giang provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>              </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/khmer(1).jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=390,height=530,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="158" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="220" border="0" align="left" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/khmer(1).jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />                      The Khmer mainly practice Brahmanism and Hinayana  Buddhism. Before reaching adulthood, young Khmer people often go to pagodas to  study and improve their virtues and knowledge. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Khmer have managed to preserve their own language and writings. They  usually live with the Kinh and Hoa  in &quot;soc&quot; (villages), and &quot;phum&quot;  or &quot;ap&quot; (hamlets). The houses are simply  built with thatched or tiled roofs. Major Khmer festivals include &quot;Chon Cho Nam Tho May&quot; (New Year  Festival), Buddha's Birthday, &quot;Don Ta&quot; (Forgive the Crimes of the  Dead), and &quot;Ooc Om Bok&quot; (Moon Worship). <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Khmer have a long tradition in wet rice cultivation. Animal husbandry,  weaving, pottery and sugar making from the &quot;Thot  Not&quot; Tree are other forms of economic activity.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a><img width="80" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /><a href="http://indocycling.com/destination/view/81"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/normal_up.gif" /></a></p>    <div align="center"><table width="400" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" align="center"><tbody><tr><td height="10" colspan="3" style="text-align: center;"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu.gif" /></td></tr><tr><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td><td width="354"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img width="20" height="20" border="0" align="baseline" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/space.gif" /></strong></span></span><a name="Xtieng" id="Xtieng"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Xtieng ethnic group</strong></span></span></span></a></p>            <blockquote><p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Name  of ethnic group:</strong> Xtieng (Xa Dieng). <br />                                                 <strong>Population:</strong> 66,788 people (Year 1999). <br />                                                 <strong>Locality:</strong> The Xtieng live in four northern  districts of Binh   Phuoc Province and in Dong Nai  and Tay Ninh provinces.<br />                              <strong>Language:</strong> Mon - Khmer</span></span></p>    </blockquote></td><td width="23" background="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-doc-phai.gif" style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</td> </tr><tr><td valign="top" height="10" colspan="3"><img width="400" height="10" border="0" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/cuon-thu-duoi.gif" alt="" /></td></tr></tbody></table></div>   <table width="100%" border="0">     <tbody>   <tr><td><p align="justify"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong><a href="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/bihavior/the_tribe/xtieng.jpg" onclick="window.open(this.href,'','resizable=no,location=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=no,status=no,toolbar=no,fullscreen=no,dependent=no,width=530,height=445,left=100,top=100,status'); return false"><img width="220" vspace="5" hspace="20" height="183" border="0" align="right" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/icon/the_tribe/xtieng.jpg" alt="" /></a>Customs  and habits</strong></span><br />            The Xtieng live a sedentary lifestyle. Each family builds its  own house. Each village is led by an elderly man who must be experienced in the  affairs of the community, dynamic, and trusted by the villagers. The Xtieng can marry outside their lineage. After the wedding,  the bride comes to live in her husband's house. The Xtieng  believe in animism and the mystical powers of thunder, lightning bolts, the  heavens, and the earth. The Xtieng calculate their  age according to the number of harvests that they have gathered.<br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Culture</strong></span><br /> The Xtieng language belongs  to the Mon-Khmer Group. The Xtieng enjoy music and  popular musical instruments, such as the six-patterned gong set. These gongs  are made of bamboo panpipes. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Costumes</strong></span><br /> Xtieng women wear skirts and the men wear  loincloths. In winter, they cover themselves in blankets. The women wear their  hair long and tie it in a bun at the back of their heads. They usually wear  ivory earrings pierced into their earlobes, or tattoo their faces and body with  simple motifs. <br /> <span style="color: #9933cc;"><strong>Economy</strong></span><br /> The Xtieng cultivate rice in  submerged fields and have used oxen and buffaloes as draught animals for a long  time.</span></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://www.volotour.com/blog/cat/destination/post/nationallitiesmon#List_of_ethnic"><img width="102" height="20" border="0" alt="" src="http://www.volotour.com/media/images/tours/classic_tours/back_to_list.gif" /></a></p>  <table border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="80%" align="center">
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