Area:3,363.1 sq. km.
Population:567,9 thousand habitants (2006)
Capital: Phan Rang - Thap Cham City
Districts: Ninh Hai, Ninh Phuoc, Ninh Son, Bac Ai, Thuan Bac, Thuan Nam
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Cham, Ra Glai, Co Ho, Hoa





Geography (Click here to see location)

Located in South-Central Coast, Ninh Thuan shares border with Khanh Hoa Province on the north, Lam Dong Province on the west, Binh Thuan Province on the south and East Sea on the east.
The terrain is a mixture of mountain, plain and seaside. Main rivers name Sat, Cai, Ong, Gia, Can, La, Quao. Mountains surround three faces of Ninh Thuan including Tha Nhonh, Chuan, Suong Mu, and Hon Dien mountains. Long seaside makes Da Vach, Thi, Ca Na capes and sea ports.
Climate: The climate is a combination of the tropical monsoon and dry and windy weather. It is hot, dry, windy all of year. There is two seasons: the rain season lasts from May to November, the dry season lasts from December to April. Annual average temperature is 27oC.


Phan Rang- Thap Cham City is 105km from Nha Trang, 110km from Dalat, 350km from Ho Chi Minh City and 1.382km from Hanoi. Phan Rang Town is on North- South Express Train, National Highway No.1A and National Highway No.27.
The towers were built to worship King Po Klong Garai, who did great service to the country and people (according to the legend, he suffered from leprosy).
The king is hailed by the Cham people as the God of Water


Ninh Thuan belongs to tourism triangles: Dalat- Nha Trang- Phan Rang. Coming to there, tourists are able to relax in Ca Na Tourist Site, swim in Ninh Chu Beach, Vinh Hy Bay, climb to Da Trang Mountain, and observe natural animals in Phan Rang Reservation, or visit Pi Nang Tac Stone Trap.
Being home of Cham minority group, Ninh Thuan has characters culture of Cham ethnic, which stamp in local custom, Cham dance, sculpture, pottery, and brocade and agriculture of Cham towers. Famous towers name Po Klong Garai and Porome
Nowadays, Cham people still preserve matriarchy, a valuable inheritance of Vietnam, and special festivals such as Kate, Cha Bun ceremonies, Royal Idiladha and Ra Glai Tribe festivals and other ceremonies like dig a ditch, dam up, new rice..






Po Klong Garai Towers

Location: The Po Klong Garai Towers is located on Trau Hill, approximately 9km northwest of Phan Rang – Thap Cham City near Thap Cham Railway Station in Ninh Thuan Province.
Characteristics: The towers consist of four towers, which remain from a group of six towers constructed in the late 13th century and early 14th century..






The main tower is 20.5m high. Each of its base sides is 10m long and made into a square in conformity with traditional Cham architecture. Its interior is an east-west rectangular and the entrance looks east.
Po Klong Garai is a group of marvelous towers, reaching the peak of the Cham architectural art. This is also the place for the Cham people in Ninh Thuan
Province to do rituals during the annual Kate Festival.
During excavation projects in the area, French archaeologists found a number of gold and silver bowls and jewellery.





Porome Tower

Location: Porome Tower is located in Bon Acho Hill in Hau Sanh Hamlet, Phuoc Huu Village, Ninh Phuoc District, Ninh Thuan Province.
Characteristics: This tower worships the stone statue of King Porome, which takes the form of Mukha Linga and the stone statue of Queen Bia Thanh Chanh of E De origin.







Cham Towers, Porome Tower has a square shape with 4 stories and is 8 meters high, with a nearly 8-meter wide base, and the door, which has the special style, faces to the East. At present, there exists only the 19m-high main tower. The statue of the king is 1.2m high and made into a high relief. It is put in front of an arched tombstone decorated with small relief at the back. Behind the main tower is a small shrine dedicated to the stone statue of Queen Bia Thanh Chih of Cham origin. Though not big, the tower has a distinctive style. Porome Tower is one of very few Cham Towers which has remained virtually intact up to now, and is the place where Cham people often pray to King Porome on festival days.






Ninh Chu Beach

Ninh Chu Beach is located in Khanh Hai Townlet, Ninh Hai District, Ninh Thuan Province.
Characteristics: It is famous for its 10km of white sands happed like a crescent moon, turquoise water, and green pine trees.