Area: 14,174,4 sq. km.
Population: 1,007.5 thousand habitants (2006)
Capital: Son La City.
Districts: Quynh Nhai, Muong La, Thuan Chau, Phu Yen, Bac Yen, Mai Son, Song Ma, Yen Chau, Moc Chau, Sop Cop.
Ethnic groups: Dao, Thai, Viet (Kinh), H'Mong, Muong.

 

 
   

 

   

Geography (Click here to see location)
Son La belongs to North-West Vietnam, shares border with Yen Bai, Lao Cai, Lai Chau provinces on the north, Dien Bien Province on the west, Phu Tho and Hoa Binh provinces on the east and Laos on the south.

Climate
The province has many mountains, rives and mineral sources. Abundant water supply is suitable to hydroelectricity. Moc Chau Plateau is an ideal place to breed milk cow, plant tea and fruit. Annual average temperature is about 21oC. The weather is cold, dry in winter and hot in summer.

Tourism and Economy
Son La owns following interesting sites. Son La Former Prison and Museum preserves revolutionary remains and exhibits precious objects introducing the historical and cultural traditions of the 12 ethnic groups living in Son La. Stretching out 150m long, Tham Tet Toong Cave is a wonder of nature. Along the walls of the cave, there are numerous stalactites and stalagmites. Ban Hin (Hin ethnic minority hamlet) is marked by the traditions and culture of the Thai. There, tourists enjoy drinking ruou can and watching xoe dance by Thai women. Then visitor like to go to Yen Chau Site to try special bananas, longans and mangoes.
In 2nd lunar month, when ban flowers begins to blossom, coloring the mountains in white, Thai ethnic group held Hoa Ban Festival. Boys and girls go flower picking to celebrate the spring and entertain themselves by singing, playing tinh and khen flute, dancing xoe.


Transportation
Son La connects Hoa Binh by National Highway No. 6, Yen Bai by Highway No.37, Lao Cai by Higway No.279. Son La is 328km from Hanoi. In Na San Airport, Vietnam Airlines has daily flight from Hanoi to Son La.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Son La Provincial Museum

Location: Son La Provincial Museum is located in the centre of Son La City, 328km from Hanoi.
Characteristics: The Son La Provincial Museum was originally a penitentiary built by the French in 1908; thousands of Vietnamese patriots were imprisoned here.

 

 
   

 

   

 

At first, it was only a small provincial prison. But between 1930 and 1945, thousands of Vietnamese patriots were imprisoned here. Key individuals who later became main leaders of the Revolution for National Liberation were incarcerated in the Son La Prison. In 1962, it was classified by the Ministry of Culture as one of the numerous revolutionary heritage sites in the Vietnam.
The penitentiary was partially rebuilt after 1952 bombings and visitors can visit the subterraneous tiny cells with food-serving hatches and leg irons. The museum also exhibits precious objects introducing the historical and cultural traditions of 12 ethnic groups living in Son La Province. Son La Provincial Museum welcomes tens of thousands of visitors every year.

 

   

 

   
 

 

Moc Chau Plateau

Location: Moc Chau Plateau is 199km from Hanoi along National Highway 6.
Characteristics: The plateau is about 1,000m above sea level and around 80km long and 25km wide

 

 
   

 

   

The area of the grass-field accounts for more than 14,000ha and is suitable for animal husbandry, tea planting and other agriculture. Moc Chau tea factory was set up here to produce black tea for export and for domestic consumption.
Thousands of pure-bred and crossbred cows from the Netherlands are raised on the Moc Chau state-run farm, established in 1958. They provide fresh milk to Hanoi and to other provinces for producing tinned milk, yoghurt and other milk products.
Moc Chau Plateau is an attractive place for visitors with its cool temperature in the summer and an average temperature of 20oC (68oF)

 

 

   

 

   
 

 

Tham Tet Toong Grotto

Location: Located in Chieng An Commune, 2km from the Son La Town.
Characteristics: Tham Tet Toong Grotto is a wonder of nature. The cave is more than 150m long
Above the cave are mountains and vast forests. Along the walls of the cave, there are numerous stalactites and stalagmites that sparkle in the morning sunshine. Flowing inside is a stream with white waterfalls